Scores were analyzed from two samples of undergraduate university students in the Toronto area who answered a questionnaire on exam anxiety (the “Test Anxiety Inventory”: TAI). The samples (n = 645 and n = 462), which were both made up of women and men, some with English as their mother tongue and others having a mother tongue other than English, showed very comparable result patterns. Women reported a higher exam anxiety level than men on both dimensions of the questionnaire: Worry (TAIW) and Emotionality (TAIE). Students with a mother tongue other than English, an indicator of recent immigration–reported a higher level of anxiety than students whose mother tongue is English, for both the worry component and the emotionality component. Also, and moreover generally, the worry component of TAI (but not the emotionality component) appeared to have a negative correlation with the results obtained by the students in the final exam for the psychology introductory course in which they were registered. This correlation was not attenuated when a general intelligence test was taken into account. Finally, the TAI factorial structure was similar for both samples, with a model using two correlated factors showing better adjustment to the data than a unifactorial model. Given the strong correlation between the two factors, however, (r = 0,80), this hierarchical design of the TAI was supported. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Bors, D. A., Vigneau, F., & Kronlund, A. (2006). L’anxiété face aux examens: Dimensionnalité, similitudes et différences chez les étudiants universitaires [Exam anxiety: Dimensionality, similarities and differences in the university students]. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 38(2), 176–184.